Notes


Matches 2,601 to 2,650 of 2,657

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2601 William Pitt Amherst 2nd Earl Amherst of Arracan was educated at Westminster School Westminster London England.
He was styled as Viscount Holmesdale between 1826 and 1857.
He graduated from Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1828 with a Bachelor of Arts (2nd class classics) (B.A.).
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for East Grinstead between 1829 and 1832.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl Amherst of Arracan in the East Indies [U.K. 1826] on 13 March 1857.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Baron Amherst of Montreal Kent [G.B. 1788] on 13 March 1857.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Holmesdale in Kent [U.K. 1826] on 13 March 1857. 
Amherst, William Pitt 2nd Earl Amherst of Arracan (I23304)
 
2602 William Plowden gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the King James II's Foot Guards.
He rebuilt the Manor House at Aston.
He lived at Plowden Shropshire England.
He lived at Aston-le-Walls Northamptonshire England. 
Plowden, William (I25729)
 
2603 William Poyntz lived at Woodhatch Reigate Surrey England Poyntz, William (I11111)
 
2604 William Poyntz was an upholsterer at London England Poyntz, William (I11118)
 
2605 William Reginald Courtenay 11th Earl of Devon was educated at Westminster College Westminster London England.
He graduated from Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1828 with a Bachelor of Law (B.A.).
He graduated from Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1831 with a Master of Arts (M.A.).
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) by Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1838.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Conservative) for South Devon between 1841 and 1849.
He succeeded to the title of 7th Baronet Courtenay [E. 1645] on 19 March 1859.
He succeeded to the title of 11th Earl of Devon [E. 1553] on 19 March 1859.
He held the office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between July 1866 and May 1867.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry Cavalry. 
Courtenay, William Reginald 11th Earl of Devon (I19756)
 
2606 William Robert FitzGerald 2nd Duke of Leinster was educated at Eton College Eton Berkshire England.
He gained the rank of Cornet of Horse in 1765.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for Dublin City between 1767 and 1773.
He held the office of Sheriff of County Kildare in 1772.
He held the office of Governor of County Kildare in 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 7th Baron Offaly [I. 1599] on 19 November 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Marquess of Kildare [I. 1761] on 19 November 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Duke of Leinster [I. 1766] on 19 November 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Offaly [I. 1761] on 19 November 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 21st Earl of Kildare [I. 1316] on 19 November 1773.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Leinster of Taplow co. Buckingham [G.B. 1747] on 19 November 1773.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Ireland] in 1777.
He was invested as a Knight Order of St. Patrick (K.P.) in 1783.
He held the office of Master of the Rolls [Ireland] between 1788 and 1789.
He was Clerk of the Crown and Hanaper [Ireland] between 1795 and 1797. 
FitzGerald, William Robert 2nd Duke of Leinster (I21439)
 
2607 William Roper lived at Rathfarnham Castle County Dublin Ireland. Roper, William (I23775)
 
2608 William Russell 1st Baron Russell of Thornhaugh was educated at Magdalen College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England.
He was invested as a Knight in 1581 at Ireland.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1585 in the service of the Horse.
He fought in the Battle of Zutphen in 1586.
He held the office of Governor of Flushing in 1587.
He held the office of Lord Deputy [Ireland] between 1594 and 1597.
He was Commander of the forces of the West of England against a feared Spanish attack in 1599.
He was created 1st Baron Russell of Thornhaugh co. Northampton [England] on 21 July 1603. 
Russell, William 1st Baron Russell of Thornhaugh (I14389)
 
2609 William Ruthven 1st Earl of Gowrie succeeded to the title of 8th Lord Dirletoun on 13 May 1566. He succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Ruthven [S. 1488] on 13 May 1566.
In 1567 he was suspected of showing favour to Mary Queen of Scots while she was his prisoner.
He fought in the Battle of Langside in 1568 where he fought against Mary Queen of Scots.
He held the office of Lord High Treasurer [Scotland] in 1571.
He held the office of Provost of Perth.
He held the office of Hereditary Sheriff of Perthshire.
He held the office of Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1578.
He held the office of Lord Warden of the Marches in 1578.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in 1578.
He was created 1st Earl of Gowrie [Scotland] on 23 August 1581.
On 23 August 1582 he kidnapped King James VI in the ‘Raid of Ruthven.'
He was pardoned after the King's escape but later arrested and convicted of high treason. 
Ruthven, William 1st Earl of Gowrie (I8638)
 
2610 William Ruthven Master of Ruthven was styled as Master of Ruthven.
On 12 July 1480 he was legitimated.
He fought in the Battle of Flodden on 9 September 1513. 
Ruthven, William Master of Ruthven (I27690)
 
2611 William Sinclair Lord Berriedale was styled as Lord Berriedale.
Between 1616 and 1621 at Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland he was a prisoner for debt. 
Sinclair, William Lord Berriedale (I13270)
 
2612 William Sinclair of Rattar 10th Earl of Caithness succeeded to the title of 10th Earl of Caithness [S. 1455] on 9 December 1765.
On 28 November 1768 he was served heir although an unsuccessful counterclaim was advanced by a great-grandson of David Sinclair of Broinach brother of the 8th Earl (it appeared that the latter’s line was illegitimate however) and his claim to the Earldom was allowed 2 May 1772. 
Sinclair, William of Rattar 10th Earl of Caithness (I21654)
 
2613 William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester was styled as Lord Herbert between 1527 and 1549.
He held the office of Gentleman of the Privy Chamber in 1546.
He fought in the campaign in Boulogne between May 1546 and July 1546, under the Earl of Hertford, distinguishing himself in a skirmish.
He was invested as a Knight Bachelor on 20 February 1546/47.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Worcester [E., 1514] on 26 November 1549.
He succeeded to the title of 5th Lord Herbert [E., 1461] on 26 November 1549.
He fought in the defense of London against Sir Thomas Wyatt in February 1553/54.
He fought in the campaign at St. Quentin in August 1557, under the Earl of Pembroke.
He was admitted to Middle Temple on 2 February 1562/63.
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 23 April 1570.
He held the office of Deputy Earl Marshal of England on 2 April 1571.
He held the office of Special Envoy to Paris on 2 February 1572/73, at the christening of Maria Elizabeth, daughter of King Charles IX.
He held the office of Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter on 22 April 1579. 
Somerset, William 3rd Earl of Worcester (I7998)
 
2614 William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton was educated in 1607 at Magdalen College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Brackley in 1614.
He was invested as a Knight Bachelor on 4 November 1616.
He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Northamptonshire from 6 May 1618 to 1621.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire from 1620 to 1622.
He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Northamptonshire in 1624.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire from 1624 to 1625.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire in 1626.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton [E. 1603] on 25 October 1627. 
Spencer, William 2nd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton (I18739)
 
2615 William Talbot lived at Stourton Castle Staffordshire England. Talbot, William (I16300)
 
2616 William Walter Legge 5th Earl of Dartmouth held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for South Staffordshire between 1849 and 1853.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Staffordshire.
He succeeded to the title of 5th Earl of Dartmouth [G.B. 1711] on 22 November 1853.
He succeeded to the title of 5th Viscount Lewisham of co. Kent [G.B. 1711] on 22 November 1853.
He succeeded to the title of 6th Baron Dartmouth of Dartmouth Devon [E. 1682] on 22 November 1853.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 1st Volunteer Battalion South Staffordshire Regiment.
He also had four daughters who all died unmarried. 
Legge, William Walter 5th Earl of Dartmouth (I21181)
 
2617 Wills Hill 1st Marquess of Downshire held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Warwick between 1741 and 1756.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Hill of Kilwarlin co. Down [I. 1717] on 3 May 1742.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Hillsborough co. Down [I. 1717] on 3 May 1742.
He was created 1st Earl of Hillsborough co. Down [Ireland] on 3 October 1751 with a special remainder to his uncle Arthur Hill.
He was created 1st Viscount Kilwarlin co. Down [Ireland] on 3 October 1751 with a special remainder to his uncle Arthur Hill.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1754.
He was created 1st Lord Harwich Baron of Harwich co. Essex [Great Britain] on 17 November 1756.
He held the office of First Commissioner of Trade and Plantations in 1763.
He held the office of Joint Postmaster-General in 1766.
He held the office of Secretary of State for the Colonies between 1768 and 1782.
He held the office of Registrar of the High Court of Chancery [Ireland].
He was created 1st Viscount Fairford co. Gloucester [Great Britain] on 28 August 1772.
He was created 1st Earl of Hillsborough [Great Britain] on 28 August 1772.
He held the office of Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1779.
He was created 1st Marquess of Downshire [Ireland] on 20 August 1789.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.). 
Hill, Wills 1st Marquess of Downshire (I21160)
 
2618 Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl was educated at Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the 1st Life Guards.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Adare [I. 1800] on 6 October 1871.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Baronet Quin of Adare co. Limerick [I. 1781] on 6 October 1871.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Kenry co. Limerick [U.K. 1866] on 6 October 1871.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl [I. 1822] on 6 October 1871.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Viscount Mount-Earl [I. 1816] on 6 October 1871.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Viscount Adare [I. 1822] on 6 October 1871.
He was invested as a Knight Order of St. Patrick (K.P.) in 1872.
He fought in the Abyssinian Expedition.
He held the office of Parliamentary Under-Secretary Colonies between 1885 and 1887.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of County Limerick between 1896 and 1922.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Ireland] in 1899.
He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for Glamorgan.
He fought in the Boer War between 1900 and 1901.
He was invested as a Companion Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.) in 1902.
He gained the rank of Honorary Captain in the service of the Royal Naval Reserve.
He was invested as a Officer Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.).
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the Glamorgan Royal Garrison Artillery.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 5th Battalion Royal Munster Fusiliers.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 23rd Armoured Car Company Territorial Army.
On his death his UK barony became extinct. 
Wyndham-Quin, Windham Thomas 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl (I23655)
 
2619 Wiston House -
1871 England Census:- Clerk in Holy Orders J.P. for Sussex.
Landowner and occupier of 900 acres farming land.
Employer of 20 men and 6 boys besides 1500 acres of woodlands. 
Goring, Reverend John (I3874)
 
2620 with Papal dispensation for both consanguinity and affinity Family F5590
 
2621 Without Royal consent Family F4942
 
2622 Witnesses: Eliza Selina Le Keux Louisa Le Keux Family F366
 
2623 Wladislaw I, King of Poland was a member of the House of Piast.
He was a member of the House of Wladislaw 'the Short'.
He succeeded to the title of Duke of Cracow in 1306.
He was created King Wladislaw I of Poland in 1320. 
Wladislaw I King of Poland (I8882)
 
2624 World War I Victoria Cross Medal Recipient. He served as a Lieutenant Colonel Commander of the 3rd Battalion, Coldstream Guards. On September 15, 1916, at Ginchy, France, Lieutenant Colonel Campbell personally led an attack against the German machine guns, capturing the guns and killing the personnel. Later in the day, he again rallied his battalion through a very hostile fire against the objective and was the first to enter the enemy trench. For most conspicuous bravery, he was awarded the Victoria Cross Medal in October 1916 and later achieved the rank of Brigadier General. Campbell, John Vaughan V.C. C.M.G D.S.O (I16519)
 
2625 Wounded in action in Belgium 6 Oct 1917
Rejoined battle 3 Nov 1917
Gassed 23 Jul 1918 in France.
Died in hospital Aldershot 29 Oct 1918 
Evershed, Daniel (I895)
 
2626 Wounds received in action Villiers, William 2nd Viscount Grandison of Limerick (I19941)
 
2627 Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke of Bedford was styled as Marquess of Tavistock between 1694 and 1700.
He matriculated at Magdalen College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England on 13 May 1696.
He succeeded to the title of 6th Earl of Bedford [E. 1550] on 7 September 1700.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Duke of Bedford [E. 1694] on 7 September 1700.
He succeeded to the title of 7th Baron Russell [E. 1539] on 7 September 1700.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Marquess of Tavistock [E. 1694] on 7 September 1700.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Howland of Streatham Surrey [E. 1695] on 7 September 1700. He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Russell of Thornhaugh co. Northampton [E. 1603] on 7 September 1700.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire between 1701 and 1711.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Bedfordshire between 1701 and 1711.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1701 and 1711.
He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber from 1701 to 1702.
He was invested as a Knight Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 14 March 1701/2 
Russell, Wriothesley 2nd Duke of Bedford (I15849)
 
2628  Brigadier Arthur Herbert Montgomery was educated at Wellington College Wellington Berkshire England.
He was educated at Hertford College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England.
He fought in the Second World War.
He gained the rank of Brigadier in the service of the Royal Artillery (Territorial Army).
He was invested as a Officer Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.) in 1945.
He was decorated with the award of Territorial Decoration (T.D.).
He was invested as a Fellow Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (F.I.C.A.). 
Montgomery, Brigadier Arthur Herbert (I18940)
 
2629  Brigadier Ernest John Montgomery was educated at Rugby School Rugby Warwickshire England.
He was educated at Royal Military College Sandhurst Berkshire England.
He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for Argyllshire.
He fought in the Second World War where he was mentioned in despatches twice.
He was invested as a Member Order of the British Empire (M.B.E.) in 1940.
He was invested as a Officer Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.) in 1945.
He was admitted to Royal Company of Archers.
He was invested as a Commander Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.) in 1950.
He gained the rank of Brigadier in the service of the Highland Light Infantry.
He fought in the Malayan Campaign between 1951 and 1954.
He was Companion Order of the Bath (C.B.) in 1953. 
Montgomery, Brigadier Ernest John (I18939)
 
2630  Charles Boyle 4th Earl of Orrery was educated at St. Paul's School London England.
He matriculated at Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England on 5 June 1690.
He graduated from Christ Church College Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1694 with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Charleville [Ireland] between 1695 and 1699.
He was Receiver General in the Alienation Office on 18 October 1699.
George Graham named his invention after the Earl the astronomical instrument or 'orrery.'
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Tory) for Huntingdon Borough between 1701 and 1705.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Boyle Baron of Broghill [I. 1628] on 24 August 1703.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Orrery [I. 1660] on 24 August 1703.
He was Colonel of the Regiment of Foot between 1704 and 1710.
He was invested as a Knight Order of the Thistle (K.T.) on 30 October 1705.
He was invested as a Fellow Royal Society (F.R.S.) on 3 April 1706.
He fought in the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709.
He gained the rank of Brigadier-General on 1 January 1708/9.
He gained the rank of Major-General on 17 August 1710.
He was Colonel of the North British Fusiliers (21st Foot) between 8 December 1710 and July 1716.
He held the office of Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Flanders in January 1710/11 where he took part in the Treaty of Utrecht.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 9 February 1710/11.
He was created 1st Baron Boyle of Marston co. Somerset [Great Britain] on 5 September 1711.
He was a Lord of the Bedchamber between 1714 and 1716.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Somerset from 1714 to 1715.
From 28 September 1722 to 14 March 1722/23 he was imprisoned in the Tower of London on suspicion of being involved in the Layer's plot however was was discharged. 
Boyle, Charles 4th Earl of Orrery (I16734)
 
2631  David Carnegie 1st Earl of Southesk was invested as a Knight in 1603.
He was created 1st Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird [Scotland] on 14 April 1616.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in January 1616/17.
He was Temporary President of the Scottish Council between April 1625 and May 1625.
He held the office of Lord of Session from February 1625/26 to 1628.
He was created 1st Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird and Leuchars [Scotland] on 22 June 1633 with a special remainder to his heirs male for ever.
He was created 1st Earl of Southesk [Scotland] on 22 June 1633.
He held the office of Sheriff of Forfarshire in 1646. 
Carnegie, Sir David 1st Earl of Southesk (I13239)
 
2632  He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of County Galway.
He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for County Galway.
He held the office of High Sheriff of County Galway in 1836.
He lived at Killyan, County Galway, Ireland. 
Chevers, John (I30497)
 
2633  In 1789 he suceeded to the Cromarty estates on the death of his cousin Lord MacLeod. Mackenzie, Kenneth (I19381)
 
2634  John Hamilton of Udston lived at Udston Scotland.
He fought in the Battle of Langside on 13 May 1568 fighting for Mary Queen of Scots. 
Hamilton, John of Udston (I18343)
 
2635  Josef Anton Joseph Baptist Erzherzog von Österreich was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He gained the title of Erzherzog von Österreich (styled as HI&RH Archduke of Austria).
He was Governor and Captain-General of Hungary in 1795.
He gained the title of Palatine of Hungary in 1796.
He gained the rank of General Field Marshal in the service of the Austrian Army. 
von Österreich, Josef Anton Joseph Baptist Erzherzog (I17656)
 
2636  Maj.-Gen. Robert Walter Stuart 11th Lord Blantyre gained the title of 11th Lord Blantyre [S. 1606] on 5 November 1783.
He was educated at Eton College Eton Berkshire England.
He gained the rank of Ensign in 1795 in the service of the 3rd Foot Guards.
He fought in the campaign in Holland in 1799.
He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the 31st Foot.
He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the 7th Dragoons.
He fought in the Egyptian War in 1801.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the service of the 42nd Foot.
He held the office of Representative Peer [Scotland] between 1806 and 1807.
He fought in the Peninsular Wars in 1809.
He was invested as a Companion Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 4 June 1815.
He gained the rank of Major-General in 1819.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Renfrewshire between 1820 and 1822. 
Stuart, Maj.-Gen. Robert Walter 11th Lord Blantyre (I18420)
 
2637  On 20 May 1441 he was granted Raploch Lanarkshire by his cousin SIr James Hamilton 6th of Cadzow.
He lived at Raploch Lanarkshire Scotland. 
Hamilton, James of Raploch (I18337)
 
2638  Reverend George Talbot was the Vicar at Guiting Gloucestershire England. Talbot, Reverend George (I16320)
 
2639  Rt. Hon. Henry Bilson-Legge was baptised with the name of Henry Legge.
He held the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.). 
Bilson-Legge, Rt. Hon. Henry (I19024)
 
2640  Rt. Hon. Sir Frank Cavendish Lascelles was with the Diplomatic Service between 1861 and 1908.
He was Agent and Consul-General to Bulgaria between 1879 and 1886.
He held the office of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Romania between 1887 and 1891.
He held the office of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Persia between 1891 and 1894.
He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross Order of St. Michael and St. George (G.C.M.G.) in 1892.
He held the office of Ambassador to Russia between 1894 and 1895.
He held the office of Ambassador to Germany between 1895 and 1908.
He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) in 1897.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.).
He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) in 1904. 
Lascelles, Rt. Hon. Frank Cavendish G.C.B. G.C.M.G. G.C.V.O. P.C. (I17317)
 
2641  Thomas Burgh was also known as Thomas Borough.
Lord of the Manor of Gainsborough Lincolnshire acquired though his wife. 
Burgh, Thomas (I10436)
 
2642  William George Richard Stanley 9th Earl of Derby held the office of Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Strange [E. 1628] on 21 December 1672.
He succeeded to the title of 9th Earl of Derby [E. 1485] on 21 December 1672.
He held the office of Vice-Admiral of Lancashire and Cheshire between 1673 and 1702.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire between 1676 and 1689.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Lancashire between 1676 and 1689.
He held the office of Chamberlain of Chester between 1677 and 1702.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of North Wales in 1702 except Denbighshire.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Lancashire between June 1702 and November 1702.
On his death the Barony of Strange fell into abeyance between daughters. 
Stanley, William George Richard 9th Earl of Derby (I19473)
 
2643   Alexander William Crawford Lindsay 25th Earl of Crawford was educated between 1824 and 1828 at Eton College Eton Berkshire England.
He graduated from Trinity College Cambridge University Cambridge Cambridgeshire England in 1833 with a Master of Arts (M.A.).
He succeeded to the title of 9th Lord Lindsay of Balcarres [S. 1633] on 15 December 1869.
He succeeded to the title of 8th Lord Lindsay and Balneil [S. 1651] on 15 December 1869.
He succeeded to the title of 25th Earl of Crawford [S. 1398] on 15 December 1869.
He succeeded to the title of 8th Earl of Balcarres [S. 1651] on 15 December 1869.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Wigan of Haigh Hall co. Lancaster [U.K. 1826] on 15 December 1869.
He wrote the book The History of Christian Art.
He wrote the book The Lives of the Lindsays. 
Lindsay, Alexander William Crawford 25th Earl of Crawford (I15577)
 
2644   George Cholmondeley 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for East Looe between 1724 and 1727.
He was styled as Viscount Malpas between 1725 and 1733.
He held the office of Governor of Chester between 1725 and 1770.
He was invested as a Knight Order of the Bath (K.B.) on 27 May 1725.
He held the office of Master of the Robes from 1726 to 1727.
He held the office of Lord of the Admiralty between 1727 and 1729.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for Windsor between 1727 and 1733.
He held the office of Master of the Horse to the Prince of Wales between 1728 and 1735.
He held the office of Vice-Admiral of Cheshire between 1733 and 1770.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire between 1733 and 1770.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Baron Cholmondeley of Witch Malbank alias Nantwich co. Chester [E. 1689] on 7 May 1733.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Viscount Malpas co. Chester [E. 1706] on 7 May 1733.
He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley co. Chester [E. 1706] on 7 May 1733.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Newburgh in the Isle of Anglesey [G.B. 1716] on 7 May 1733.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Newborough of Newborough co. Wexford [I. 1715] on 7 May 1733.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells co. Meath [I. 1661] on 7 May 1733.
He held the office of Lord of the Treasury from 1735 to 1736.
He held the office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between 1736 and 1743.
He held the office of Chamberlain of Cheshire between 1 March 1735/36 and 1770.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 21 May 1736.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire between 1737 and 1761.
He held the office of Lord Privy Seal between December 1743 and December 1744.
He held the office of Joint Vice-Treasurer [Ireland] between 1744 and 1757.
He gained the rank of Colonel in the Army in 1745.
He gained the rank of Major-General in 1755.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1759. 
Cholmondeley, George 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley (I19419)
 
2645   Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans Duc d'Aumâle gained the title of Duc d'Aumâle.
He gained the rank of Inspector-General in 1879 in the service of the French Army.
He was invested as a Knight Order of the Golden Fleece of Spain.
In 1886 he was exiled from France.
He was admitted to French Academy.
He wrote the book History of the Princes of Condé. 
d’ Orléans, Henri Eugène Philippe Louis Duc d’Aumâle (I17689)
 
2646    Ashburnham John 1603-1671 royalist was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham by Elizabeth daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. Sir John died in 1620 having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune that (says the epitaph in Ashburnham church Sussex) there were none of them but were in a condition rather to be helpful to others than to want support themselves.
     Elizabeth Beaumont was of the same family as Lady Villiers mother of the Duke of Buckingham and under Buckingham's patronage began the court career of John Ashburnham. In 1627 he was already known to the king who styled him Jack Ashburnham in his letters to the duke. In 1628 he was elected M.P. for Hastings. The murder of Buckingham in that year did not injure his fortunes; he was in November sworn into the place of groom of the bedchamber. The Calendars of State Papers contain ample evidence that he and his friend the secretary Nicholas omitted few of the many opportunities given them by their position at court to enrich themselves by money-lending or by the purchase of land at easy rates. In 1638 the Star-chamber fine of two thousand marks inflicted on Sir Walter Long and his brother was assigned to Ashburnham in satisfaction of so much due from his majesty to him and in December of the next year a warrant under the privy seal enabled him to regain his ancestral estate of Ashburnham which had become a ruinous burden to its actual possessors. If the dates assigned in the printed calendars be correct Ashburnham had not obtained the favour of this warrant until six years after his petition for it. His friends Nicholas and Goring were very careful of his interest (as he himself acknowledges) in promoting his appointment as provided to the army then in preparation for Scotland (January 1640). Their success prevented his election for Hastings when the commons were summoned in April only to be dissolved in May; but he was returned for that place in November when the failure of the war the necessities of the king and the exasperation of the people had rendered inevitable the meeting of another—the Long—parliament. No speech of his is recorded but his name frequently occurs as on committees or as a teller on divisions during the earlier sessions of that assembly. As time went on his two functions of member of parliament and servant of the king became incompatible and when his attendance on his master prevented his obeying the summons of the house he was proceeded against for contempt (6 May 1642). The king wrote a letter to the commons in his justification but the house maintained its prior right to the obedience of its member. Ashburnham was discharged and disabled (5 Feb. 1643-4) his estate was sequestrated (14 Sept.) and his wife's petition for some allowance for his children was rejected. He became the treasurer and paymaster of the king's army. For the next three years his name occurs in several negotiations for peace. He was one of the commissioners at Uxbridge (1644) and one of the four appointed to lay the king's proposals before parliament (December 1645). When Fairfax prepared to besiege Oxford and Charles determined upon flight Ashburnham and Dr. Hudson were the sole attendants of the king in the perilous journey to the Scotch camp. Hudson was released and his troubled life was ended by his barbarous murder (6 June 1648). Ashburnham was positively commanded by the king to fly before confirmation of the order to send him up to London as a delinquent could be received. He got safely to Holland and thence to the queen at Paris. In 1647 the king's fortune seemed upon the turn. The army had taken possession of him at Holmby had treated him with respect and allowed him to have what servants about him he pleased. Ashburnham resumed his attendance on his master at Hampton Court. But the army leaders changed their tone. Charles was haunted by the dread of assassination. He was constantly receiving warnings anonymous and avowed that his murder was resolved upon. At Ashburnham's suggestion he made proposals to the Scotch commissioners for his sudden journey to London and personal treaty with the parliament. But the arrangement fell through the commissioners dreading the responsibility. Charles resolved to stay no longer in Hampton Court and impatient to be gone commanded Ashburnham and his other confidants Sir John Berkeley and Legge to propose some place for him to go to. Ashburnham mentioned Sir John Oglander's house in the Isle of Wight as a place where the king might be concealed till the disposition of the governor of the island Colonel Robert Hammond could be ascertained. If Hammond were not to be trusted the fugitive could secretly take ship for France. There was nothing impracticable in the plan but its success depended upon keeping the royal whereabout from the knowledge of Hammond until the governor had fully engaged himself to respect the king's liberty of action. This particular was neglected and the secret divulged by Berkeley. The governor having given assurances of loyalty was taken to the house wherein Charles was awaiting the result of the interview. When informed of his approach the king exclaimed O Jack thou hast undone me! The foreboding was true. Refusing the desperate offer of Ashburnham to make all safe by killing Hammond Charles again became virtually a prisoner.
     His share in this transaction exposed Ashburnham to the suspicions of the royalists and his explanation printed in 1648 was of necessity so guarded as to be ineffective. A full narrative drawn up by him and shown to many of his contemporaries—Clarendon among the rest—remained unpublished until 1830 when his descendant Lord Ashburnham printed it with full elucidation and accompanied it with a complete caustic commentary on all the passages wherein Clarendon has made mention of the writer. The reputation of Ashburnham is cleared and the treachery and malevolence of the noble historian are exposed with unsparing severity. Ashburnham was parted from his master by order of the parliament 1 Jan. 1648 was imprisoned in Windsor Castle (May) and when the second civil war broke out was exchanged for Sir William Masham. He was not allowed to attend the king during the treaty at Newport (August) and was included among the delinquents who were to expect no pardon (13 Oct.). His position after the king's death was unenviable. He had acquired an estate by his second marriage with the Dowager Lady Poulett (1649) and Charles II gave him permission to stay in England to preserve it. The loyal party suspected his fidelity and (March 1650) in a memorial to the king asked whether they might trust him. He was harassed by the victors. He was sued for debts contracted for the late king. He was forced to compound for one half of his estate an unparalleled severity. He was bound in heavy securities to appear when required before the council of state. His private journeys were licensed by a pass from the same authority. For three years he was so persecuted by committees to discover who had lent the king money during the wars that I had scarce time to eat my bread. Five years more he continues were spent in close imprisonment at London and three banishments to Guernsey Castle the cause being for sending money to his majesty. In a list of the Tower prisoners furnished by Colonel Barkstead (2 June 1654) John Ashburnham appears as prisoner for high treason; but this is probably a slip for William who was at that time in custody for complicity in the plot of Gerard and Vowel. John's case was (27 Dec. 1655) referred to the major-generals of the counties where his estate lay. At the Restoration Ashburnham came back to his old place of groom of the bedchamber. Of his zeal therein Pepys makes a half-pathetic record (2 Sept. 1667) recalling Shakespeare's Adam and the goodly service of the antique world. The same authority elsewhere mentions him as a pleasant man one who hath seen much of the world and more of the court. Of the Hampton Court business Pepys notes that after solemnly charging each other with its failure and being publicly at daggers drawn about it Ashburnham Berkeley and Legge are now the best friends in the world. Besides his place Ashburnham received what acknowledgment of his loyalty the royal treasury impoverished by many claimants could afford. He was (September 1661) the head of a commission to inquire into the abuses in the post office. His house at Chiswick with its contents was purchased by the king for the Duke of Monmouth of whom (January 1665) he was made one of the guardians. His loans to Charles I were paid by grants of crown leases but his schemes for the acquisition of land do not appear to have run so smoothly as in the former reign. The dean and chapter of Exeter are menaced (November 1662) with the royal displeasure if they carry out their projected lease to John Ashburnham or to any other. He was M.P. for Sussex from 1661 till his expulsion in 1667 for taking a bribe of 500l. from French merchants. He and his brother William shared in an enterprise for reviving the manufacture of tapestry at Mortlake (1667). Ashburnham died in 1671. His grandson was raised to the peerage in 1689. His portrait by Mytens has been engraved as a frontispiece to his Narrative quoted above.

Sources:
     Narrative edited by Lord Ashburnham 1830
     Cal. State Papers Dom.

Contributor: R. C. B. [Richard Charles Browne]

Published: 1885
  
Ashburnham, John (I16665)
 
2647    Edward George Villiers Stanley 17th Earl of Derby was educated at Wellington College Berkshire England.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant in 1885 in the service of the Grenadier Guards.
He was Aide-de-Camp to the Governor-General of Canada between 1888 and 1891.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Conservative) for West Houghton between 1892 and 1906.
He held the office of a Lord of Treasury between 1895 and 1900.
He fought in the Boer War between 1899 and 1900.
He was Private Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief in South Africa in 1900.
He was invested as a Companion Order of the Bath (C.B.) in 1900.
He held the office of Finance Secretary of the War Office between 1900 and 1903.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1903.
He held the office of Postmaster-General between 1903 and 1905.
He was invested as a Knight Commander Royal Victorian Order (K.C.V.O.) in 1905.
He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) in 1908.
He succeeded to the title of 11th Baronet Stanley of Bickerstaffe co. Lancs [E. 1627] on 14 July 1908.
He succeeded to the title of 17th Earl of Derby [E. 1485] on 14 July 1908.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe co. Lancaster [U.K. 1832] on 14 July 1908.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Stanley of Preston co. Lancaster [U.K. 1886] on 14 July 1908.
He held the office of Chancellor of Liverpool University in 1909.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.) by Liverpool University Liverpool Lancashire England.
He held the office of Lord Mayor of Liverpool between 1911 and 1912.
He was invested as a Knight Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1915.
He was Director-General of Recruiting between 1915 and 1916.
He held the office of Under-Secretary for War between 1915 and 1916.
He was Vice-President of the Army Council in 1916.
He held the office of Secretary of State for War between 1916 and 1918.
He held the office of President of the Army Council between 1916 and 1918.
He was decorated with the award of Grand Cordon Legion of Honour.
He held the office of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipoteniary to France between 1918 and 1920.
He was decorated with the award of Order of Charles XII of Spain.
He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.).
He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) in 1920.
He held the office of President of the Army Council in 1922.3 He held the office of Secretary of State for War between 1922 and 1924.3 He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Lancashire in 1928.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.) by Birmingham University Birmingham Warwickshire England in 1934.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) by Oxford University Oxford Oxfordshire England in 1934.
He was decorated with the award of Royal Victorian Chain in 1935.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 5th Battalion The King's (Liverpool Regiment).
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 4th and 5th Battalions Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.
He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.) by Cambridge University Cambridge Cambridgeshire England in 1935.
He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 4th Battalion Manchester Regiment.
He was invested as a Knight of Grace Order of St. John of Jerusalem (K.G.St.J.). 
Stanley, Edward George Villiers 17th Earl of Derby (I17402)
 
2648 § Stapleton, Maria Frances Catherine (I16598)
 
2649 Ælfræd King of Wessex also went by the nick-name of Alfred 'the Great' (?).
He succeeded to the title of King Ælfræd of Wessex on 23 April 871.
He succeeded to the title of King Ælfræd of Mercia on 23 April 871.
He helped his brother gain a great victory over the Danes at Ashdown in 871. Alfred organised the army and was the founder of the English Navy. By 877 the Danes had occupied London and reached Gloucester and Exeter but they lost 120 supply ships in a fierce storm off Swanage. In 878 he was forced to hide in Somerset and it was there arose the legend of the burned cakes. He renewed the fight and won a famous victory at Edington in Wiltshire the same year. After the Danes agreed that their king Guthrum should be baptised and Alfred was godfather. Afterwards Guthrum ruled Mercia but acknowledged Alfred as Overlord. The Mercian settlement developed over the next 100 years into the body known as Danelaw. Before that in 879 at Fulham and also near Rochester in 884 other Norse armies landed. Alfred continued fighting until he was the acknowledged champion of the English against the Danes. Alfred was scholarly a writer law-maker pious and also a valiant fighter. Additionally he had a good knowledge of geography. He was a most able administrator and also instituted educational programmes. He founded monasteries and gave a large part of his income to charities. 
Ælfræd King of Wessex (I9580)
 
2650 Ælfthryth (?) was also known as Alstrita (?).
She was also known as Elstrudis (?).
From 11 May 973 her married name became Queen Elfrida of England.
She was a nun circa 986 at Wherwell Abbey Hampshire England. 
Ælfthryth (I9606)
 

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