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301 Biography

Of the sons of Sir Thomas Colepeper Walter succeeded to all the estates except Exton on the death of his half-brother Sir John and was the only one to leave sons...
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Walter Colepeper who continued the line married Agnes the daughter of Edmund Roper of St. Dunstans Canterbury and is so described on her tombstone at Goudhurst. She was also the widow of John son of John de Bedgebury a fact not mentioned in the pedigrees recorded in the Visitations but which is amply evidenced by an undated Chancery Procceding temp. Hen. VI. where Walter Coulpepir and Agneis his wife late the wife of John son of John de Beggebury and Thomas Chaundeler chaplain appear as plaintiffs in a dispute relating to property in Goudhurst Cranbrook and Hawkhurst which John son of Roger de Beggebury left to pay for two chaplains to sing masses for his soul and for that of Johanna his wife. By this marriage Walter Colepeper had with two daughters--Margaret married to Alexander Clifford and Elizabeth married to John Hardes of Hardes co. Kent--three sons Richard John and Nicholas. Agnes his wife predeceased him on the 2nd December 1457 and was buried at Goudhurst and Walter himself died on the 24th November 1462 and was also buried at Goudhurst.
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Although the pedigree given above differs in many respects from those recorded in the Visitation it is substantiated not only by many Inquisitions Deeds and Grants but also by a suit entered on membrane 484 of the De Banco Roll Hilary 4 Edward IV. whence the following pedigree is deduced:
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..John Culpeper(5)
....Thomas Culpeper(6)
......Thomas Culpeper(7)
......Walter Culpeper(7)
........John Culpeper(8)
........Richard Culpeper(8)
........Nicholas Culpeper(8)
......John Culpeper(7)
......Nicholas Culpeper(7)
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This suit has reference to the fine levied in 1320 the John at the head of the pedigree being the son of Sir Thomas and Margery and the plaintiffs John Richard and Nicholas Colepeper claiming one quarter of these lands against Sir John Fogge according to the customs of gavelkind in right of their father Walter.
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Although Richard is entered in the Visitation in Kent in 1619 as Walter Colepeper's eldest son this was not the case as Sir John as the eldest son inherited Hardreshull co. Warwick Bayhall co. Kent and Wigsell co. Sussex. It appears also from the same Visitation that this Sir John married Agnes daughter of John Bedgebury but no mention whatever is there made of the undoubted fact that some time before 1460 he was the husband of Agnes Gainsford which is clearly proved by the Proceedings in Chancery relating to the abduction of the two Wakehurst heiresses by Sir John's brothers Richard and Nicholas where it is expressly stated that a sister of John and William Gainsford was wedded to John Culpepyr and later on in the same suit mention is made of John Culpeper and Agnes his wife. The marriage is also alluded to in De Banco Roll Trin. 5 Edward IV. m. 118d and it explains the mention of Ottewell and George Gainsford (grandsons of the above John Gainsford who married Anne Wakehurst aunt of the co-heiresses and sons of Sir John Gainsford by Anne daughter of Ottewell Worsley) as cousins in the will Walter Colepeper of Calais 1514--1516.
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The question arises therefore as to whether the record of Sir John's marriage with Agnes Bedgebury is not due to a mistake on the part of the heralds. In their pedigree they certainly omit these two important facts viz. that before 1460 Sir John was the husband of Agnes Gainsford and also that his father Walter's wife of the same Christian name was the widow of John Bedgebury. It seems therefore not improbable that these two marriages have been confused; such indeed must have been the case unless Sir John was twice married and of this the Visitation affords no evidence whatever. Sir John Colepeper died 22nd December 1480 and was buried at Goudherst.
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Source: Col. F. W. T. Attree "The Sussex Colepepers"
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At the time of their check at the hands of Edward II the Culpepers seem to have recently inaugurated their characteristic practice of land acquisition by the time honored expedient of marrying heiresses. It was from their first manor so acquired that of Bayhall in the Kentish parish of Pembury on the southern border of the weald that they spread as Hasted remarks 'over the whole face of the county' of Kent; and we may add eventually of adjacent Sussex as well.
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In this process the Walter Culpeper who fought at Agincourt being of the seventh recorded generation of his family put his roots in the ground a few miles southeast of Bayhall. About 1425 he married the widow of the last Bedgebury of Bedgebury in Goudhurst and was buried with that family in Goudhurst church. His tomb described him as 'arm. filius Thorne Culpeper militis... obiit 24 November 1462' (Weever Antient Funeral Monuments 1767 ed. p. 69); which identifies him genealogically as the Walter son of Thomas who himself left sons John Richard and Nicholas as rehearsed in DeBanco Roll 4 Edw. IV Hilary Term membrane 484.
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Source: Fairfax Harrison "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck.” 
Colepeper, Walter (I5184)
 
302 Biography

Walter Culpeper began life like his grandfather the squire of Agincourt for whom he was named as a professional soldier; but unlike his grandfather he did not live to retire to his estates. The earliest record of him is on the page of national history at the very end of his career.
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The Chronicle of Calais (Camden Society No. 35 p. 6) recites him in October 1508 as under marshall of that town present at the treaty for the marriage of Mary daughter of Henry VII to the Duke of Burgundy afterwards the emperor Charles V; and in that capacity there was assigned to him at the beginning of the next reign (July 1509) a Crown tenement in Fisherstrete in Calais and an annuity of £20 out of the revenues of the town. Two years later in November 1511 being then recited a 'squire of the body' of Henry VIII lie was granted also the post of bailiff of the Scavage of Calais and the isle of Colne (L. & P. Henry VIII i 47 94 298).
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His crowding hour came in August 1513 when his young master was engaged in the invasion of France to assert an outworn claim of inheritance of that realm and it was Walter's fortune to be left for the moment in responsible command of the garrison of Calais. The chronicler Hall records (Holinshed iii 580) that as the King lay before Therouanne on the Flemish border the captain of Boulogue made a night foray on Calais seeking booty and to insult the invading English. Arriving with a thousand men at the bridge which defended the causey leading to the town the Frenchman surprised the guard and captured the ordnance there mounted. Retaining 600 men at the bridge 'for a stale' he then dispatched the remaining 400 'into the marishes and meadows to fetch away the beasts and cattle which they should find there.' Some of these foragers approached so near the walls of Calais as to raise the alarm whereupon:
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"about five of the clocke in the morning the gate of Calis called Bullongue gate was opened and by permission of the deputie one Culpeper the under marshall with two hundred archers under a banner of Saint George issued forth' and 'set so fiercelie on that finallie the Frenchmen were discomfited and four and twentie of them slaine besides twelve score that were made prisoners and all the ordnance and bootie again recouered. These prisoners were brought to Calais and there sold in open market."
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Walter died before June 24 1515 (when he was recited dead on the appointment of Sir H. Banaster to his bailiffry L. & P. Henry VIII' ii 168) leaving a will which bristles with as many old world weapons as a modern museum. The will was as follows:
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14 Sept 1514
P.C.C. 16 Holder
I Walter Colepepir onder m'shall of the town of Calays. To be byried in the Resurreccon Chapell within Saint Nicholas Churche to the whiche chapell my newe poleax and ij of my spere staffs myn Ermite and my swarde. To St George Chapell within the same Churche my cote of plate couered wt chamlet and myn old polleax. To Jhus (Jesus) Chapell wtin the seyd Churche my best Javelyn and a copyll of my spere stavys. Unto St John in the wall 6s Vnto the reparacons of the said Church of St Nicholas 10s. "I wyll that Anne my wyff haue all my lands lying within the Shyre of Kent and Sussex or in any other place within the Realme of England during hir lyff and after hir decesse to remayne to the heires of my body lawfully begotten after the course of the comen lawe of Ynglond and laudable customes of the seyd Shyres of Kent and Sussex where the lond lyeth. To my seruants that ar sworne in the Retynewe her onder me and in my petie wags ther brigandynes folds standards saletts and musteryn cotes stavys and saletts that they wer wont to were at the musterys." To Richard Payn myn old seruant my gowne of marble colour furred. To Henry hacuplaynt my veluet doblet my blak jacket and oon sheff of arowes. To Richard Borne my blak cote of cloth bordered with Sarsenet and oon sheff of arowes. To the Churche of Newenden for the discharging of my consciens of such duties as I owe to the same 4 m'ks sterling. Church of Gowtherst 40d sterling. Church of Sevenoke 3s. If the next heires of Thomas Ratlyff of Newenden will pay to my wyff £5 sterling then they shall have the croft and house place that was Thomaseys ther fader to theym and their heirs. Margaret Swayne my seruant my blak gowne lyned wt Sarcenet. To Nanne the bedrede woman's daughter oon payr of myn old hoses and ij of my shirts. To my cosyn Otewell Gaynesford my blak damask cote. To my cosyn George Gaynesford my damask cote of white and grene. To my cosyn Lewes Clyfford my crossebowe and wenlasse and my gune wth her apparel. To Henry Tetle my bowe case of tymbre and one sheff of arowes. My galberdyne of scarlet bordered with veluet to my sone Thomas. To my daughter Elizabeth Welford my grete lewte and oon dosyn of fyne dyaper napkins. To my brodyr Alexander Colepepyr my white harnesse complete. Residue to Anne Colepepyr my wyff to se me honestly byried and to se Anthony and Willm our sonnys founde to schole. She is to be executrix. Wrytyn wt myn own hand. Witnesses Henry hacupleynt Richard Borne and Willm Annyley. In the presence of Robert Wyndebanke and of John Wyndebanke who have subscribed ther names with ther own hands. Robert Wyndebank pson of Colne. John Wyndbank solgyer of Calays. Proved at Lambith 28 April 1516 by Anne the relict and executrix.
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Source: Fairfax Harrison "The Proprietors of the Northern Neck" 
Colepeper, Walter III (I5205)
 
303 Birth Certificate: Born 26 Sep 1899?
Christening: 10 Sep 1899
Death Certificate: Born 26 Aug 1898?
1939 Register: 26 Aug 1899 
Musgrave, Victor Louis (I52)
 
304 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Papworth, Eva Alice (I11660)
 
305 Birth Record: Jan-Mar 1909 Lewisham
Death Record: Birth Dec 1907
1939 Register: 18 Dec 1908 
Hards, Rose Lilian (I26841)
 
306 Birth: Aen Reginald Willson Willson, Ian Reginald (I29548)
 
307 Bishop of Ripon
BA 1873
Bar at Law Inner Temple 26 Jan 1875 
Bickersteth, John Joseph (I30118)
 
308 Bishop of Sodor and Man.
Bishop of Rochester. 
Murray, Rt. Rev. George (I3094)
 
309 Boating Accident Martin-Smith, Winifred Emily (I23418)
 
310 Bohemond II Prince of Antioch succeeded to the title of Prince of Antioch in 1126 Bohemond II Prince of Antioch (I10006)
 
311 Bohemond IV Prince of Antioch gained the title of Count of Tripoli in 1187.
He succeeded to the title of Prince of Antioch in 1201.
He was deposed as Prince of Antioch in 1216.
He succeeded to the title of Prince of Antioch in 1219. 
Bohemond IV Prince of Antioch (I10010)
 
312 Boleslaw III, Duke of Poland was a member of the House of Piast.
Boleslaw III, Duke of Poland also went by the nick-name of Boleslaw 'Wrymouth'.
He gained the title of Duke of Poland in 1102. 
Boleslaw III Duke of Poland (I13656)
 
313 Born as Agnes Blues Paterson married as Agnes Traill Paterson, Agnes Blues R (I1739)
 
314 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Shorter, Herbie Allan (I20837)
 
315 Born in Brighton England Arthur Musgrave was a pupil of Stanhope Forbes at the Newlyn School of Art in Cornwall. He also studied in Munich. He went to Santa Fe in 1916 to recover his health from having served in World War I and was the first to paint a depiction of the Museum of Fine Arts then under construction.

Later he donated several paintings to the Museum. He also spent time at Cape Cod Massachusetts where he had a summer house at Truro. His main residence remained in Santa Fe.

One of his works is in the British Embassy in Washington DC. His wife Helen Greene Musgrave was also an artist as were two of his daughters Rosie Musgrave Bothell and Barbara Brooke Musgrave Tuthill. 
Musgrave, Arthur Franklyn (I26337)
 
316 Born: Alice Florence W Morphey Morphey, Florence Alice (I4864)
 
317 Born: June 17 1239 at Westminster
Parents: Henry III ad Eleanor of Provence
Relation to Elizabeth II: 19th great-grandfather
House of: Plantagenet
Ascended to the throne: November 20 1272 aged 33 years
Crowned: August 19 1274 at Westminster Abbey
Married: (1) Eleanor Daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile (2) Margaret Daughter of Philip III of France
Children: Six sons including Edward IIand twelve daughters
Died: July 7 1307 at Burgh-by-Sands Nr Carlisle Cumbria aged 68 years and 19 days
Buried at: Westminster Abbey
Reigned for: 34 years 7 months and 14 days

King of England from 1272 son of Henry III (1207–72). He led the royal forces against Simon de Montfort (the Younger) in the Barons' War of 1264–67 and was on a crusade when he succeeded to the throne. He established English rule over all of Wales in 1282–84 and secured recognition of his overlordship from the Scottish king although the Scots under Sir William Wallace and Robert (I) the Bruce fiercely resisted actual conquest. His reign saw Parliament move towards its modern form with the Model Parliament of 1295. He married Eleanor of Castile (1254–90) and in 1299 married Margaret daughter of Philip III of France. He was succeeded by his son Edward II (1284–1327).

Edward was a noted castle builder including the northern Welsh Conway castle Caernarvon castle Beaumaris castle and Harlech castle. He was also responsible for building bastides to defend the English position in France. 
Plantagenet, Edward I “Longshanks” King of England (I6045)
 
318 Borrell II, Conde de Barcelona was a member of the House of Urgell.
He succeeded to the title of Conde de Barcelona in 947. 
Borrell II Conde de Barcelona (I7786)
 
319 Brevet Major Oswald Leopold Paget fought in the First World War where he was captured in 1918 as a Prisoner of War.
He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Durham Light Infantry.
He fought in the North-West Frontier in 1930.
He fought in the Second World War.
He gained the rank of Brevet Major in the service of the Mediterranean Expeditionery Force. 
Paget, Brevet Major Oswald Leopold (I26384)
 
320 Brig.-Gen. Charles Fitz-Clarence V.C. gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Royal Fusiliers.
He fought in the Boer War between 1899 and 1901.
He was decorated with the award of Victoria Cross (V.C.) on 6 July 1900 for his actions on 14 October 1899.
He was Brigadier-General of the Irish Guards Regimental District between 1913 and 1914.
He fought in the First World War. 
Fitz-Clarence, Brig.-Gen. Charles V.C. (I22836)
 
321 Brig.-Gen. Edward Murray Colston 2nd Baron Roundway was educated at Eton College Eton Berkshire England.
He gained the rank of officer in 1900 in the service of the Grenadier Guards.
He fought in the Boer War between 1901 and 1902 Where he was wounded.
He was invested as a Member Royal Victorian Order (M.V.O.) in 1908.
He gained the rank of Captain in 1908.
He fought in the First World War between 1914 and 1919 where he was wounded and mentioned in despatches five times.
He gained the rank of Major in 1915.
He was decorated with the Companion Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) in 1916.
He gained the rank of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1917.
He was Brigadier-General of the 233rd Infantry Brigade between 1917 and 1919.
He was invested as a Companion Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.) in 1918.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1919.
He gained the rank of Colonel in 1924.
He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Roundway of Devizes co. Wiltshire [U.K. 1916] on 17 June 1925.
He retired from the military in 1932 with the rank of Brigadier-General.
On his death his title became extinct. 
Colston, Edward Murray 2nd Baron Roundway (I3533)
 
322 Brig.-Gen. Hon. Charles Lambton was educated at Eton College Eton Berkshire England.
He was educated at Royal Military College Sandhurst Berkshire England.
He fought in the Nile Expedition in 1898 where he was mentioned in despatches.
He was decorated with the award of Companion Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) in 1898.
He was Brevet Colonel of the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers between 1900 and 1904.
He was Brevet Colonel of the 34th Infantry Brigade New Army in 1914.
He gained the rank of Temporary Lieutenant-Colonel and Commandant in 1917 in the service of the Durham Volunteer Regiment.
He gained the rank of Honorary Brigadier-General in 1918. 
Lambton, Brig.-Gen. Hon. Charles (I19504)
 
323 Brig.-Gen. Lord Henry Charles Seymour fought in the Boer War where he was mentioned in despatches and was wounded.
He was decorated with the award of Companion Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) (and bar (1918)) in 1916.
He was decorated with the award of Legion of Honour.
He gained the rank of Honorary Brigadier-General in 1930.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Warwickshire.
He gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the Grenadier Guards.
He gained the rank of Colonel in 1934 in the service of the 68th (South Midland) Field Brigade.
He gained the rank of Colonel in 1937 in the service of the Warwickshire Yeomanry. 
Seymour, Brig.-Gen. Lord Henry Charles (I20370)
 
324 Brig.-Gen. Sir Hugh Henry John Drummond 1st Bt. was invested as a Companion Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.). Williams-Drummond, Brig.-Gen. Sir Hugh Henry John 1st Bt. (I21758)
 
325 Brig.-Gen. Thomas Paget held the office of Groom of the Bedchamber in 1727.
He held the office of Governor of Minorca 
Paget, Brig.-Gen. Thomas (I11662)
 
326 broke his neck of Aldithley, James (I28334)
 
327 Bruce Robert de V d. 1245 son of William de Bruce married Isabel second daughter of David earl of Huntingdon younger brother of William the Lion and thus founded the claim of his descendants to the crown. In 1215-16 he obtained from King John a confirmation of a grant of a market and fair at Hartlepool. He was a witness at York in 1221 of Alexander II's charter of jointure to his wife Joanna sister of Henry III. During this reign his own great estate and royal connection by marriage made the lord of Annandale one of the chief barons of southern Scotland. Like his ancestors he was liberal to the church confirming and increasing their grants. He died in 1245 and was buried at the abbey of Saltrey in Huntingdonshire.

Sources:
Rymer's Federa i. 252
Dugdale's Baronage i. 449
Monasticon ii. 151. Several charters by or to him are amongst the Duchy of Lancaster Charters and notes of them are printed Calendars of Documents relating to Scotland i. Nos. 1680-5.

Contributor: Æ. M. [Aeneas James George Mackay]

Published: 1886 
de Brewes, Sir Robert Lord of Annandale (I7037)
 
328 Bubonic Plague of Lancaster, Blanche Countess of Derby (I6841)
 
329 Bubonic plague of Lancaster, Philippa (I6842)
 
330 Bubonic Plague Douglas, George 1st Earl of Angus (I7836)
 
331 Bubonic plague Plantagenet, Henry Grosmont of Derby 1st Duke of Lancaster (I9487)
 
332 Burned at the stake Douglas, Janet (I9779)
 
333 Burned to death in his own home Eysteinsson, Ragnvald I (I8990)
 
334 by Papal dispensation Family F4885
 
335 by papal dispensation Family F5800
 
336 by Papal dispensation Family F6380
 
337 by Papal dispensation Family F6815
 
338 by Papal dispensation Family F7429
 
339 by Papal dispensation Family F7441
 
340 by Papal dispensation which legitimised their previously born children Family F5116
 
341 By special dispensation Family F5271
 
342 Cancer of the throat Saxe-Coburg Und Gotha, Alfred Ernest Albert 1st and last Duke of Edinburgh (I22897)
 
343 Capt Inniskillen Dragoons Frederick, John St John (I3739)
 
344 Capt Major - Oxfordshire & Bucks Light Infantry Royal Air Force 1921 Fiennes, Lawrence John Evelyn T W (I3558)
 
345 Captain 4th Kings Own Royal Regiment
Major Kings Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) 
Blake, Major Walter F (I3202)
 
346 Captain Frederick Augustus Campbell gained the rank of Captain in the service of the 60th Rifles.
He was Aide-de-Camp to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.
He held the office of Gentleman Usher to HM Queen Victoria.
He was Equerry to HRH Princess Louise. 
Campbell, Captain Frederick Augustus (I25606)
 
347 Captain Henry Gerard Leigh gained the rank of Captain in the service of the 1st Life Guards.
He lived at Luton Hoo Park Bedfordshire England. 
Leigh, Captain Henry Gerard (I21271)
 
348 Captain Hon. Archibald Hamilton gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Royal Navy.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Lanarkshire between 1708 and 1710.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Lanarkshire between 1718 and 1734.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Queensborough between 1735 and 1741.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Dartmouth between 1742 and 1747.
He held the office of a Lord of the Admiralty.
He held the office of Governor of Jamaica.
He held the office of Governor of Greenwich Hospital. 
Hamilton, Captain Hon. Archibald (I14656)
 
349 Captain Hon. Francis Walter Erskine lived at 5 Portman Mansions London England. Erskine, Captain Hon. Francis Walter (I16708)
 
350 Captain Hon. Ivan Campbell gained the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.
He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the 3rd Battalion, Royal Scots.
He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Argyllshire.
He fought in the Egyptian Campaign in 1882.
He was admitted to Honourable Corps of Gentleman-At-Arms.
He fought in the Boer War between 1900 and 1901. 
Campbell, Captain Hon. Ivan (I18283)
 

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