Alexander Stewart 1st Duke of Albany was styled as Earl of March before 4 August 1455.
He was styled as Lord of Annandale before 4 August 1455.
He was created 1st Duke of Albany [Scotland] between 4 August 1455 and 3 July 1458.
In 1479 he was arrested by his bother King James III on suspicion of conspiracy but the Duke escaped to France.
On 4 October 1479 his estates and titles were declared forfeit.
In 1482 he (styling himself as King of Scotland) made a treaty with King Edward IV of England but soon afterwards reconciled himself with his brother King James III.
Between June 1482 and December 1482 he was restored in blood to his estates and titles.
He was created Earl of Mar circa January 1482/83.
He was created Earl of Garioch circa January 1482/83.
On 27 June 1483 his estates and titles were again declared forfeit after he renewed is treaty with the English.
In 1484 he invaded Scotland.
He fought in the Battle of Lochmaben on 22 July 1484 where his forces were routed and he fled again to France.